Argentina

Capital: Buenos Aires
Population: 42.9m. (2014 est.)

Argentina ratified ILO Convention No.87 (Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise, 1948) in 1960 and No.98 (Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining, 1949) in 1956.

In the 20th Century successive attempts to form a national trade union centre culminated in 1930 in the formation of the Confederación General del Trabajo de la Républica Argentina (CGT, English: General Confederation of Labour). Since the 1940s it has been a major force in Argentine politics, in tandem with the corporatist system of Perónism. Although trade unionism was suppressed by the military after 1976 it resurfaced strongly through demonstrations and general strikes in the transitional phase preceding the restoration of full civilian rule at the end of 1983.

An Act of 23 March 1988 recognised the right of workers to form or be (or not to be) members of a union of their choice and for trade unions to become members of their preferred federations and confederations, and to affiliate to international union organisations. In 1990 the right to strike was restricted in ‘essential industries’, namely public health, transport, water supply, gas, oil, phones, education and the judiciary, but subsequent legal challenges and trade union action have limited the impacts of trade union rights restrictions. Unauthorised demonstrations and assemblies have led to violent clashes with police

The Confederación General del Trabajo de la Républica Argentina (CGT, English: General Conferation of Labour) played a key role in the corporatist Perónist State. It remains by far the largest union centre in the country, but in recent years it has suffered divisions and factionalism. The CGT is affiliated to the ITUC, as are the Central de los Trabajadores Argentinos (CTA, English: Argentinian Workers’ Central) and the Central de Trabajadores de la Argentina – Autónoma (CTA – Autónoma, English: Autonomous Workers’ Centre of Argentina).

Full details of the country's political history, the development of trade unionism, and contact and affiliation details for all national trade union centres can be found in ICTUR's in-depth global reference book: Trade Unions of the World.

Link to reportFull country profile: Argentina, from Trade Unions of the World (2016)

Link to letterIntervention letter: violent dispersal of union rally (2018)

Link to letterIntervention letter: harassment of teaching union (2016)

Link to reportIUR article: 'Supreme Court of Argentina Expands Recognition of Freedom of Association', Natalia Delgado (2016)

 

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