Libya

Capital: Tripoli
Population: 6.26m. (2014 est.)

In 1962 Libya ratified ILO Convention No. 98 (Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining, 1949 and in 2000 Libya ratified ILO Convention No. 87 (Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise, 1948.

The trade union situation has undergone significant change following the overthrow of the Gadaffi regime, but some unions are functioning and strikes do occur. Trade union activity is greatly frustrated by the conflict situation and unrest that prevails in the country. A 2012 law on freedom of assembly is said to be generally compatible with international human rights principles, though in practice demonstrations are frequently repressed. Draft laws on freedom of association have not yet been adopted.

Trade union and civil society activists have faced threats, violence and harassment for their activities. In 2016 Nermin Al-Sharif, leader of the ITF-affiliated Dockers’ and Seafarers’ Union of Libya, was injured after crashing her car near Benghazi after being followed and shot at by unknown persons in two other cars. The following year Al-Sharif was detained for several days and her passport confiscated, preventing her from travelling to an international event of the International Transport Workers’ Federation in Morocco.

The ITUC lists the General Federation of Trade Unions in Libya GFTUL as an associated organisation, but it has no formal affiliate in the country. Oil and transport sector trade union activity does occur, and unions in those sectors are linked with the sectoral global unions ITF and Industriall.

Full details of the country's political history, the development of trade unionism, and contact and affiliation details for all national trade union centres can be found in ICTUR's in-depth global reference book: Trade Unions of the World.

Link to reportFull country profile: Libya, from Trade Unions of the World (2016)

Link to letterIntervention letter: harassment and detention of union leader (2017)

 

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